Catholic Christendom, Charlemagne # 14

All of us who admire Christendom, (where God’s divine rules of love are enforced by the Catholic Church’s authorities in conjunction with Government leaders), hold up Charlemagne as one of the most exceptional examples of this.

Charlemagne is French for the Latin name; Carlus Magnus or in English; Charles the Great.  He was given this name by later generations who admired his great accomplishments that still remain up to today.  His real title is Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.map-carolingian

Charles was the son of Pepin the Short, Mayor of the Palace for the ‘theoretically King’, Childeric III, the last of the Merovingian Kings of the Franks.  He was bon 742 and died January 28, 814.  His mother was Bertrada, daughter of the Count of Laon, Charibert.

Charlemagne was acknowledged by the Holy See as its chief protector and coadjutor in temporal affairs as well.  He consolidated Catholic Europe and worked to reform the Church as well.

Charlemagne’s career began at ten years old, (752), when Pope Stephen III traveled over the Alps from Rome to anoint his father Pepin with the oil of kingship.  But, at this time,  Pope Stephen III also anointed Charles and his younger brother Carloman.  The pope declared that the Frankish Catholics were to never ‘to choose their kings from any other family’.   At St. Denis, on July 28th 754, in the Kingdom of Neustria, by a solemn act of the supreme pontiff, the Frankish throne was established in the Arnulf house.  This is the new beginnings of the Carolingian dynasty named after Charles, (Carol, Karl).Frankish kings and queens of the Carolingian dynasty

As a child, his father King Pepin would take Charles to war with him.  He learned the important rudiments of war and the discipline it took to be a warrior.  As he grew into a man of extraordinary physical strength, he became a popular hero to the Franks long before he became king.   Before Pepin’s death, (768), he divided his dominion between his two anointed sons.

The division was made in respect to different clans and laws that made up the complex Frankish dominion.  There was some strife between these brothers because Carloman did not like or support his older brother.  But this ended when his brother died in 771 and gave Charlemagne the unity he would need to make his kingdom great.

From his father, Charles had also inherited the role of ‘Patricius Romans’, which entailed the obligation to protect the temporal rights of the Holy See, (St. Peter’s Patrimony).  At this time, the greatest threat to the See was Desiderius, King of the Lombards.coa_of_the_carolingian_empire_by_tiltschmaster-d7obgf6

Charles had married Himiltrude, but then went on to marry the daughter of Desiderius, Desiderata.  The pope objected to this.  He then left her for Hildegarde which caused Desiderius to fight against Rome and the Holy See.  Pope Stephen died in 772.  Adrian I, an opponent of Desiderius, and was elected.  Immediately, Desiderius, advanced against Rome, seized some of the Pope’s cities.   Meanwhile, Charlemagne was dealing north with the Saxons were still pagan barbarians killing many of the Catholic missionaries and invading his territory.

In 773, Charles tried to negotiate with Desiderius, but when that failed, he sided with Pope Adrian I and traveled over the alps to fight the Lombards.  Easily he overcame Desiderius and headed to visit Rome.

IND113006 Charlemagne crossing the Alps in 773, detail of the Emperor and his retinue (oil on canvas) by Roger, Eugene (1807-40) oil on canvas Chateau de Versailles, France Index French, out of copyright
IND113006 Charlemagne crossing the Alps in 773, detail of the Emperor and his retinue (oil on canvas) by Roger, Eugene (1807-40)
oil on canvas
Chateau de Versailles, France
Index
French, out of copyright

Charlemagne, whether he really realized it or not, received his temporal power from God, through the pope, when he was anointed by Pope Stephen III.  This is Christendom.  We can also see that he was not a saint, (Three women), but, nevertheless, God used him.  Will continue with Charlemagne…….

We are so blessed to be traditional Catholics and to see God work throughout time.  We know that we are in a very bad period right now, but we know who is behind the chess player and who wins in the end.